3 Commonly Used Plastic Injection Molding Machines

Plastic Injection Molding Machines

Plastic Injection Molding Machines are widely used for mass production of plastic components. A plastic injection molding machine is used to manufacture plastic products by injecting molten plastic into a mold.

The process involves heating plastic resin pellets until they melt and then injecting the molten material into a mold cavity. Then it gets cooled and solidifies into the desired shape. This process is done using a plastic injection molding machine.

There are 3 commonly used plastic injection molding machines, each suited for different applications.

They are Hydraulic, Electric, Hybrid – Plastic Injection Molding Machines.

Hydraulic Injection Molding Machine

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A hydraulic plastic injection molding machine utilizes hydraulic systems. It helps to drive the mold and inject molten plastic into a mold cavity.

The machine consists of a hydraulic pump. That provides the necessary force to move the various components. Plastic resin pellets are heated until molten in the machine’s barrel. The hydraulic system pushes a ram or screw to inject the molten plastic into the mold. Once in the mold cavity, the plastic cools and solidifies, taking the shape of the mold. It also aids in opening and closing the mold for the next cycle.

The versatility of hydraulic machines makes them suitable for a wide range of thermoplastics. This includes ABS, PP, PE, PVC, and more.

Hydraulic plastic injection molding machines are well-suited for manufacturing larger plastic components. Due to their,

  • Ability to handle large volumes
  • High clamping force capabilities
  • Cost-effectiveness for mass production
  • Versatility with material types
  • Capability of molding intricate and complex shapes
  • Robustness and durability

They are used to manufacture automotive components like bumpers, and interior panels. And plastic containers, toys, and household appliances. They’re also used in the manufacturing of plastic packaging items like bottles, caps, and containers.

While hydraulic machines offer advantages like high clamping force and the ability to process a variety of materials, they can be less energy-efficient compared to electric or hybrid machines.

Advances in technology have led to more energy-efficient hydraulic systems, balancing their performance and environmental impact.

Electric Injection Molding Machine

Electric Plastic Injection Molding Machine

Electric plastic injection molding machines utilize electric motors for both mold movement and plastic injection processes.

Plastic pellets are led into the electric injection molding machine’s hopper. An electrically driven screw conveys the pellets to a heated barrel. There they melt into a viscous state. The molten plastic is injected into a mold cavity under high pressure using an electrically driven piston or screw. The molten part gets cooled and solidifies within the mold. Once cooled, the electric machine opens the mold. Then the finished plastic part is ejected, ready for the next cycle.

Electric injection molding machines can process a variety of thermoplastics. It includes standard and engineering-grade resins.

A few advantages of electric plastic injection molding machines over hydraulic plastic injection molding machines are,

  • Electric injection molding machines offer precise control over the plasticizing process, improving shot-to-shot consistency and reducing cycle times.
  • The electric servo motors only consume energy when needed which is contrary to hydraulic systems that continuously consume energy even when idle.
  • The absence of hydraulic pumps and valves reduces noise levels in the production environment. 
  • And generally have fewer components and require less maintenance compared to their hydraulic counterparts.

Electric injection molding machines are suitable for a range of applications, from small, intricate parts to larger components, depending on the machine’s tonnage.

A few applications of electric machines are,

  • Components for devices like smartphones, tablets, and cameras are commonly manufactured using electric injection molding machines.
  • The clean and precise operation of electric machines helps in manufacturing intricate components in the medical industry.
  • Even items like thin-walled containers, caps, and closures are efficiently manufactured using electric plastic injection molding machines.

Electric plastic injection molding machines have gained popularity due to their efficiency, precision, and suitability for various applications. Many industries employ electric machines for efficiently manufacturing their products.

Hybrid Injection Molding Machine

Hybrid Injection Molding Machine

A hybrid plastic injection molding machine combines features of both hydraulic and electric injection molding machines.

The mold is securely closed using the clamping unit of the machine. Then, the plastic pellets are led into the machine’s injection unit. The injection unit uses a combination of hydraulic and electric systems to melt and inject the plastic into the mold cavity.

Then, a dwell or pressure-hold phase follows. Once the mold is filled, the mold is closed. The plastic inside cools and solidifies and takes the shape of the mold. Then the clamping unit opens, and the molded part is ejected. This is the working process of hybrid plastic injection molding machines. 

The key features are,

  • Hybrid machines combine the efficiency of electric drive systems for injection with the power of hydraulic systems for clamping.
  • Electric components provide precise control over injection parameters. It enhances speed and accuracy.
  • Hydraulic systems maintain the robust clamping force required for mold stability.

Adaptable to various thermoplastics commonly used in injection molding. And, capable of handling specialty materials like biodegradable plastics and high-performance engineering plastics.

Hybrid injection molding machines are also used to produce various automotive components and components of medical devices. It also finds its applications in packaging industries and consumer electronics manufacturing industries.

In summary, Hybrid plastic injection molding machines offer the precision of electric machines with the power efficiency of hydraulic systems. Thus providing enhanced energy savings and improved overall performance in the manufacturing process.


These types of injection molding machines offer manufacturers a range of options to meet specific production needs. From hydraulic and electric machines to hybrid models, each type brings its unique advantages. 

Various factors such as precision, energy efficiency, and production volume play crucial roles in selecting the most suitable machine for a given application.

As technology advances,  many innovations are brought up in injection molding machines enhancing its efficiency and sustainability in the manufacturing processes, ensuring the industry stays at the forefront of plastic component production.

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